Geography & services

People , Culture & Nature

Where we work






GEOGRAPHY & SERVICES  

Colombia is a tropical country of incredible diversity and charm. Its ever-changing geography, a history loaded with mystery and adventure, its people and cultures, have fascinated the world for centuries. 

Situated in the northwest corner of South America, Colombia is the only country in the region with coasts on both the Caribbean and Pacific Ocean, with a continental area of 1.141.748 km2 (440 829 square miles) and 928.660 km2 (358 555 square miles) of maritime dominions. The country enjoys constant luminosity throughout the year, with an equal duration of daylight and nighttime hours. 

It shares borders with Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador, and maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti. 

Water 

The country provides excellent coverage of basic public services. Ninety percent of the population has access to drinking water and good-quality sanitation, a high percentage compared to other countries in Latin America. 
In rural areas or other small cities, (i.e. Santa Marta), it´s better to buy water,  boiled it or purified it if you are going to drink it . 

http://www.colombiainfo.org/en-us/colombia/geographyandclimate.aspx

http://www.colombia.travel/es/turista-internacional/colombia

PEOPLE CULTURE & NATURE people , Culture & Nature

Colombia richness also lies on the cultural diversity of our people. Throughout our history, the indigenous population of pre-Hispanic origins have been added movements of immigrants which settled in these lands, making it their home.

The diversity of races has produced not only cultural riches but also an intelligent, hard-working people, cheerful and hospitable, who enjoy one of the highest educational levels in South America and a literacy rate of over 92%. Populations of European origin, mainly Spaniards, persons of African ascendance, have interacted among them, enriching the cultural backgrounds in the process. Currently, besides the predominant half-breed component, there are ethnical-national groups and indigenous populations. Colombia is a multi-ethnic and pluri-cultural nation, where each region has its own characteristics that distinguish it from the others.

Thus you can talk of an Andean culture that strongly feels its European ancestry; of a Caribbean culture that is an amalgam of Indian and African inheritance; a Pacific culture with African roots, and of the culture of the Orinoquia and the Amazon that is basically Indian.

This complex process of mestizaje is not only expressed in the country’s traditions, handicrafts and cuisine, but also in its arts, from architecture, painting and sculpture to literature, film and photography, including music, dance and theater.


Foto Sam & Mariam. La Tagua 2012.

WHERE WE WORK 

Colombian Caribbean and the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Within the Colombian Caribbean the highest coastal mountain in the world and highest altitude in Colombia is the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta which reaches 5,700 meters above the sea level and has a complex network of ecosystems. The Sierra Nevada is located in the departments of Magdalena, Cesar, La Guajira and is bounded to N by the Atlantic Ocean, and the S, E and W in the Caribbean lowlands of Colombia.
We work in The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and its foothills, including locations and rural communities in different altitudes: Taganga: located in the coastal area of this mountain chain; Minca: wich is 660 mts.  a.s.l. Bellavista:  1.500 mts.  a.s.l.   and Vista Nieves 1700 mts. high.

The Sierra Nevada is home to 4  indigenous communities:  Arhuaco, Kogui, Wiwa and Kankuamo. Although the Sierra was declared a Biosphere Reserve, mostly national park is natural and has the blade AICA San Lorenzo, threats to their natural habitats remain.

Find out more about la sierra nevada de Santa Marta:        


 


COLOMBIA

We work in the Colombian Caribbean with rural communities in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM), the highest coastal mountain range in the world which reaches over 5700 m above sea level and has a complex network of ecosystems. It is inhabitated by 4 indigenous groups and rural  farmers that have come to settle from other parts of Colombia. The SNSM  biodiversity, varyety of ecosystemns, high level of endemic species  and hydrological resources make it a critical area for conservation. It holds more than 300 bird species of which nearly 20 are endemic. This unique environment is sacred to the indigenous communities and must be preserved and protected. In its foothills you can go scuba diving while visiting beautiful exotic beaches or discover a diversity of rain forests in just few hours of adventure.

Weather 

Colombia is an equatorial country whose climate is determined by trade winds, humidity and altitude. The temperature drops as the altitude increases and the seasons are characterized by rainfall. In most of the country, there are two rainy seasons – from April to June and from August to November. In the Caribbean coast there is a dry season from December to March. In the South there is less rain in June and July, and on the Pacific Coast it rains almost throughout the year. The beaches in the Caribbean coast of Colombia are quite hot with temperatures ranging from about 25-35° Celsius (77- 95° F).  

Banks and Currency 

Local and International banking services are available at private and public banks. The official currency is the "peso colombiano". The exchange rate against the dollar varies a bit daily. Credit cards are accepted throughout the country. If you want to exchange foreign money or travelers checks, it´s better to do it in the cities. In isolated locations in the countryside sometimes is hard to find an ATM, so it is always better to carry cash or ask before you travel. 

Medical Facilities 

Any foreigner who is temporarily in the country can have access and receive health care at hospitals and clinics in the case of an emergency, sudden illness or chronic disease. It is always useful to have an international medical and accident insurance. 

Electricity 

Colombia's electricity supply is 110V AC at 60 Hz. 

Nature

Colombia is the second most diverse country on the planet which make our country an exceptional nature destination.

Geographically, Colombia has five contexts with singular landscape, fauna and flora offers. These are the Andes, the Caribbean, the Pacific Coast, the Amazon, and the Eastern Plains.

Colombia offers the world a laboratory for the conservation of life. It’s continental waters contain 3,000 species of fish in diverse marine-coastal ecosystems that cover 95% of the continental platform. We can find among them coral reefs, mangrove forests, coastal and delta lagoons, phanerogamic prairies, and beach and cliff systems.

An unforgettable adventure for a new reencounter with nature

Colombia’s continental platform includes 53 million hectares of natural forests, 22 million hectares of savannas, arid zones, wetlands, and snow peaks, and one million hectares of continental waters. Fourteen percent of the country consists of protected national parks, natural parks, and sanctuaries.

Information and figures concerning nature in Colombia do not cease to amaze us: we have 20% of the bird species of the world, 17% of amphibians, 8% of freshwater fish, 8% of reptiles, 16% of diurnal butterflies, and 10% of mammals.

Colombia is first in the world in

  • Bird species (1,876), equivalent to 20% of the world total
  • Orchids

Colombia is second in the world in

  • Plants diversity (41.000 species)
  • Amphibians (763 species)
  • Fresh water Fish (1435 species)
  • Butterflies (763 species)

Colombia is third in the world in

  • Reptiles (506 species)
  • Palms 

Colombia is the fourth in the world in

  • mammals (479 species)

Fuente:  http://www.humboldt.org.co/iavh/component/k2/item/129-colombia-en-el-mundo


Subpáginas (1): MINCA
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